Puerta del Puente
Puerta del Puente is an original gateway to Cordoba that remains a must-see many centuries after it was created. It is located within walking distance to many sights and is an essential part of every itinerary. Also known as the Algeciras Gate, Puerta del Puente has witnessed many important events in Spanish history. In the 14th century, it welcomed Philip II to Cordoba.
The gate was specially redesigned for that occasion. It must be then that Puerta del Puente acquired its classical monumental style with a royal touch. Supported by columns at both ends and curved in the center, the gate was renovated once again in the 20th century.
The ground was scooped away to its original level, and the neighboring buildings were demolished not to steal the glory away from Puerta del Puente. Today, the gate is open to public and offers splendid views of the nearest sights.
La Mezquita + Torre de Calahorra
One of Cordoba’s greatest and most impressive landmarks, La Mezquita is easily recognizable among all other sights. Millions of tourists flock to this amazing religious edifice, which incorporates the elements of occidental architecture in its design. Being a former mosque, this Cathedral is of gigantic proportions and is often dubbed the world’s largest temple.
Over 24 thousand square meters and almost 900 columns represent the scale and merit of this marble and granite structure. La Mezquita dates back to the 8th century, when Abd al-Rahman I decided to rid the town of a former Christian basilica. After his rule, the Christians came back and won over the sacred place. The minarets became forlorn, and La Mezquita turned into a magnificent church.
Located nearby is the old Roman Bridge and the fortified medieval tower, Torre de Calahorra. Reminiscent of the Islam period, Torre de Calahorra towers over the river and enjoys the status of a cultural heritage site and a popular attraction.
Puerta de Almodóvar
Puerta de Almodóvar served as part of the town wall, leading directly to the Jewish quarter. Historians claim that the gate belongs to the Roman period and presents a significant legacy, being one of seven historic entrances to Cordoba. It survived the period of conquests and reconquests and has seen a lot of life.
Having acquired many additions from later periods, Puerta de Almodóvar nevertheless preserves its original appearance with the central curved arch, flanked by two towers on each side and crowned by pyramidal battlements. In the 20th century, the monument was complemented with a bronze sculpture depicting philosopher Seneca.
Through the gate one can get to the maze of narrow alleys and small squares, the Synagogue, the Casa Andalusi and other sights, revealing the history of old Cordoba.
La Casa de las Flores
La Casa de las Flores is a remarkable example of architecture, symbolizing the beauty and hospitality of Cordoba. Located in the Jewish quarter, the whitewashed building is surrounded by a maze of narrow lanes and streets, atmospheric houses and squares.
Within easy and quick reach are the most notable sights of Cordoba, such as the Cordoba Mosque, the Cordoba Synagogue, and the Calahorra Tower. The balconies of La Casa de las Flores offer wonderful views of the city and the nearby garden.
Except the historic and cultural value, La Casa de las Flores serves a great mission and welcomes tourists for a homestay, offering comfortable accommodation with all the necessary conveniences and many options for an eventful stroll around the neighboring area.
Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
Cordoba is widely known for its abundance of defensive constructions of the Roman, Moorish and Reconquest periods. Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos is just a perfect example of such military architecture, even though it fails to match the canons of an Arab fort.
The Alcazar was home to the military troops of Catholic Monarchs. It is from here that the reconquest strategies were directed, and the last Moorish strongholds fell after the campaigns starting in Cordoba’s Alcazar.
According to a popular record, it was in the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos that the discussions with Christopher Columbus took place. It was here that he prepared the maiden voyage to America. It was in this fortress that Infanta Maria, the would-be queen of Portugal, was born.
Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos is also surrounded by lush gardens with alleys, pools, and fountains. Quite a notable place where every stone has a little something to say.
Templo Romano de Córdoba
This site bears archaeological evidence to the only Roman temple in Cordoba. It was initially intended for worshipping the emperor and stood on a raised platform to dominate the area.
At the entrance, it used to have six Corinthian columns and was unsurpassed in the Roman times. The size of the building complex near the Town Hall of Cordoba makes an impression even today.
This part of Cordoba could be designed in the 1st century AD, both the plaza and the temple. The temple was complemented with a large terrace and looked luxurious due to marble columns and violet-colored limestone pavements.
Even at that time, the architectural complex was provided with water, supplied by the Aqua Nova Domitiana Augusta aqueduct.
Templo Romano de Córdoba is a remarkable and easy-to-recognize landmark that is loved by tourists. It is by no means undervalued by contemporary buildings. It has become part of many tours of Cordoba and is a perfect illustration of its Roman past.
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